Hanoi Opera House
Hanoi Opera House which is built by the French in 1911, and then renovated in the late 1990s is an incredible building. It is old but gorgeous with French architecture, typical Mosaic and Gothic characters reflected on the glassed room and the door domes and respectively. Its facade is colonial French with pillars and balconies overlooking the city centre. The opera house which has 900 seats always plays host to foreign performances and Vietnamese symphonies. The exterior can be a charming mix of French neo-classical design with wrought iron balconies, shuttered windows, and tiles friezes.
Hanoi Opera House has always been a rendezvous for people who love the theatrical performance, traditional music and songs, symphonies, classical opera and opera for a long time. It is also one of the most famous tourist attractions for visitors in Vietnam and all over the world.
The history of Hanoi Opera House
It is an excellent construction which was built by the French Colonialist Government during the beginning years of the 20th century. Broyer and Harley were designers. It was very modified by ideas of several architects. The work was started on June, 7th, 1901, and undertaken by a local supervisor – Harley Architect. Mr Savelon and Travary were in charge of this construction. The peak is 34 meters above the ground and was carried out in a total area of 2600 square meters with the 30-meter width and 87-meter length. The designers consulted Corankta Greek ancient architecture in combination with Opera de Paris and Tuylory Castle and to form this unique design.
Hanoi Opera House also has a great value in history, architecture and its use as well. It was a historical evidence of Vietnamese cultural development and social under French rule.It is also a vestige for an architectural development stage in late 19th and early 20th centuries in Vietnam. Hanoi Opera House has seen a lot of significant historical events associated with the August Revolution as well as the early years of Vietnam Democratic Republic.
It is renowned for its unique architecture and excellent composition. It is furnished harmoniously and rationally. Because of its establishment, Hanoi Opera House is the largest theatre in Vietnam.
Previously the site was a big pond, near the gate of Tay Long of the ancient Thang Long Capital. This construction met with a lot of difficulties because the foundations of the theatre were built on the pond. Before people built a concrete foundation, approximately one metre thick, the pond was dredged and emptied, after that, 30,000 hard bamboo stakes were placed on its bed.
It is of the same architectural style as the Opera House in France. Several foreign architects said that because of being built nearly 300 years after the Paris Opera House, it avoids superfluous architectural details, which would make it more attractive and magnificent. Inside the opera houses is a large stage and the main audience room with a size of 24x24m, with a plenty of small rooms for the audience on the central floor. The middle staircase would lead to a large Hall on the 2nd floor. The sub-staircase and corridors are located on both sides.
At the back of the Opera House is a management chamber includes in 18 make-up rooms, one library, two rooms for voice training, and one meeting room. What facing the stairs is a magnificent mirror room on the 2nd floor. Opera house has been a typical, large-scale art showing place so far, wherein international conferences and state party meetings are held. It is also a cultural work with the best value of Vietnam, a unique architectural work of great cultural, historical, fine-art value and architectural, unique works in the capital city as well as in the urban area. The theatre has been equipped with state-of-art appliances and facilities, compatible with all types of artistic performances, folk songs and music, ballets and piano, reformed opera, classical opera, Vietnamese operetta and drama, all made significant impressions on the audience. Hanoi Opera House has successfully organised many large-scale international concerts.
The Opera House which is an ancient architecture work is now becoming a national artwork of international renown that contributes to our country’s modern cultural field. It also serves as a foundation, in our present social, in economic development, cultural exchanging, and the national cultural innovation in particular.